Nestled between two-giant nations--India and China, Nepal is a tiny country in terms of its geography covering merely 147,181 sq. km. but extremely rich in terms of biodiversity, unique in its geographical positions and altitudinal variation. The elevation ranges from 700 meters above sea level in the southern plains of Tarai to the highest point of the earth--Mt. Everest (8,848 m) and hosts of majestic mountains on the northern part of the country stretching from east to the west of country.
Geographically Nepal is small, as it covers merely 0.1 percent of the total landmass of the earth, although it is small, it is home to over 876 species of birds that stands 8 percent of the world population of birds. Similarly, it is also the home to over 6,500 species of flowering plants that stands nearly 2 percent of the world?s flowering plants, nearly about 208 mammals species--4 percent of the mammals in the earth, over 651 species of butterfly (nearly about 11, of the world 15-families of butterflies), over 118 amphibians, 78 reptile species, 187 fish, over 600 indigenous plants families, 319 species of exotic orchids and so forth. This is a glimpse that how diverse and rich Nepal is.
Nepal is diverse in terms of its biodiversity, religion, culture, language, rituals, and what not. Of the total 14 mountains across world above 8,000 meters, Nepal is home of the eight world?s highest mountains. Those world highest mountains are--Mt. Everest (8,848 m), Mt. Kanchenjunga (8,586 m), Mt. Lhotse (8,516 m), Mt. Makalu (8,463 m.), Mt. Cho Oyu (8.201 m), Mt. Dhaulagiri (8,167 m), Mt. Manaslu (8,163 m) Mt. Annapurna (8,091 m). Besides these, there are over 1,300 peaks above 6,000 m. Out of them the government has so far opened to nearly 400 peaks including the world?s highest mountains for organizing varied range of adventure activities including mountaineering, expedition, peak climbing, trekking and so forth.
It is not just the spectacular mountains alone that a visitor is enchanted with when s/he arrives in Nepal for the first time. The traveler is confronted with multitude of impressions-- the dramatic monsoon skies, dazzling landscapes, terraced farm field, the beautiful architecture of ancient buildings of Kathmandu valley, or perhaps it is the people who make the greatest impression. You will be amazed and excited at seeing so many different and remarkable faces, while walking to any part of Nepal, or in Kathmandu thronged with people is still an adventure. According to latest Census, there are as many as 125 castes/ethnic groups, who speak more than 123 languages and follow as many as 10 different religions. Thus while visiting in Nepal, you will be amazed seeing unity in a diversity. Nepal is undoubted a laboratory to study the ethnicity, you will be amazed seeing non-stop fiestas and festivities, distinct culture, rituals and lifestyle. It is therefore why Nepal is known to be multi-lingual, multi-cultural, multi-religious, and multi-ethnic country. You will hardly find anywhere in the world having such a diversity or pluralism in a tiny land.
Aforementioned features show that Nepal has something to offer to everyone coming to Nepal from natural wonders to variety of culture, flora and fauna, exotic culture, incredible landscapes, majestic mountains, rushing rivers, glacial lakes, and forests full of wild animals.
Admiring hosts of impressions, world?s renowned traveler writers have given a number of titles to Nepal, like--living cultural museum, Shangri-La, roof of the world, birth place of the apostle of peace, country of living goddess, Himalayan pilgrimage, the land of mysticism and exoticism, and of non-stop festival. All these features are explicit enough what Nepal has to offer you and and, all these features are explicit enough why Nepal has been one of the ultimate destinations in the world.
History of Nepal
The history of Nepal begins from 9th century BC. The Kirats were the first rulers of this country. For many centuries, Nepal remained divided into many principalities Kirats ruled in the east, the Newars in Kathmandu valley, while Gurungs and Magars occupied the mid-west.
Lichchhavis had conquered Kirats in first century AD and then ruled until 9th century AD. During this period, art thrived in Nepal and many beautiful woodcarvings and sculptures that are found in the country is associated to this era.
Subsequently, Thakuris conquered Lichchhavis in 9th century AD and ruled until 13th century.
Afterward, in 1200 AD, the Malla again conquered Lichchavis, who also said to have contributed a lot to the art and culture of Nepal. The Mallas mainly focused in Kathmandu valley.
Afterward, Shah dynasty had reigned over Mallas and then conquered them, as Prithvi Narayan Shah, the king of Gorkha had conquered Malla rulers in Kathmandu valley along with other small principalities and recognizing the threat of British Raj in India he unified all the principalities into one kingdom.
During the mid-19th century, exercising the absolute power Jung Bahadur Rana had become the first Prime Minster of Nepal and continuously, the Rana families had ruled the country over one century. The Ranas were overthrown in a democracy movement of the early 1950s and Nepal enjoyed a multiparty democracy for about 10 years and again it went through one party (Panchyat) system and it enjoyed a multiparty democracy since 1990.
Nepal now is a Federal Democratic Republic state, since it was declared to be federal republic on May 28, 2008 in the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly.
Nepal in brief
Location: Nestled between India and the Tibetan autonomous region of the Republic of China
Area: 147,181 square kilometer
People: 125 caste/ethnic groups, speaking as many as 123 languages, who follow as many as 10 different religion.
Political system: multi party democracy, Federal Republic democratic country
Topography: from the world’s deepest gorge ‘Kali-Gandaki’ to the highest point on earth ‘The Everest’
Vegetation: As per the size of the country, Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical rain-forests to Alpine deserts.
Weather: Climate ranges from Tropical in the low lands to Arctic in higher altitudes.
Season: 4-seasons--Winter (December to February), Summer (March to May), Monsoon (June to August), Autumn (September to November)
National Bird: Impean Pheasant (Danfe)
National flower: Rhododendron-Arboreum (Lali Gurans)
Nepal occupying only 0.1 percent of the total landmass of the earth is home to.
- 2 percent of all the flowering plants in the world, 6500 flowering plants
- 8 percent of the world’s population of birds (more than 874 species)
- 4 percent of mammals on earth, 208 mammals species,
- 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 651 species)
- 600 indigenous plant families
- 319 species of exotic orchid
- 78 reptile species
- 118 amphibian
- 187 fish
World Heritage sites (Cultural)
- Kathmandu Durbar Square
- Patan Durbar Square
- Bhaktapur Durbar Square
World heritage sites (Natural)
- Everest National Park (1148 square kilometer
- Royal Chitwan National Park (932 square kilometer)
- Royal Bardia National Park (968 square kilometer)
- Langtang National Park (1710 square kilometer)
- Shey –Phoksundo National Park (3555 square kilometer)
- Rara National Park (106 square kilometer)
- Khaptad National Park (225 square kilometer)
- Makalu-Barun National (2330 square kilometer)
- Shukla Phanta Reserve (499 square kilometer)
- Parsa Reserve (499 square kilometer)
- Koshi-Tappu Reserve (175 square kilometer)
- Annapurna (2600 square kilometer)
- Makalu-Barun (2330 square kilometer)
- Dhorpatan (1325 square kilometer)
Tiger, Rhino, Snow leopard, Clouded leopard, Red panda, Brown bear, Asamese macaque, Gangetic dophin, Wolf, wild elephant, Giant horn-bill, swamp deer, wild yak, Nayan, Tebetan antelope, Black buck, four horned antelope, musk deer pigmy hog, Haspid harem Pangolin, Gharial, Indian bustard Saras crane, Impean pheasant, Python, these are some of the endangered species of the country.
Nepal harbors one of the world’s best habitants for one horned rhino, royal Bengal tiger, snow leopard, clouded-leopard, Red panda, blue-sheep and long snouted fish eating Gharial. Other wildlife includes wild elephant, buffaloes, bisons, blue bull, brown bear, sloth bear, leopard, crocodiles and many varies of cat, dog, deer and antelope families, and 840 different species of wet land, migratory and residential birds.
A living cultural Heritage:
The heritages in Nepal are alive and dynamic. Shmanism, Pananimism and witch craft are still practiced in remote regions. Temples, shrines, monuments and monasteries with devotees burning butter-lamps, singling hymns, chiming temple bells and playing drums are spotted everywhere as a living cultural heritage.
Visa: Available in Nepalese Embassies and Nepalese Consulates abroad or on arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu.
Currency: Nepalese Rupees.
Time: Nepal time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT.
Trekking Services: one of the best in the world with treks guided by world renowned Sherpas.
White Water River Rafting: One of the best in Asia in terms of quality water rafting and professionals.
Mountaineering: One of the worlds’ most professional mountaineering services available here in Nepal.
Jungle Safaries: One of the best jungle Safari operations in Asia.
Helicopter Services: Most tourists’ destinations are easily accessible by a variety of helicopter services.
Charter Air Services: Permission for chartered air services is easily obtained from the Department of Civil Aviation.
Popular Tourist Destinations (By air/Road)
Gorkha, Pokhara, Baglung, Tansen, Lumbini, Janakpur, Bardia, Sukla-Phanta, Chitwan, Dhankuta, Dharan, Ilam, Dolakha, Koshi Tappu are to name a few.
Popular Tourist Destinations (By trek):
Everest, Annapurna, Jomsom, Manang, Mustang,Ganesh Himal (Ruby Valley)? Dolpo, Rara, Jumla, Lukla, Syanboche, Larke, Rowaling, Khptad, Manaslu, Makalu, Barun, Gosainkunda, Langtang, Helambu, Namche, Muktinath, Kanchanjunga are to name a few.
Nepal undoubtedly is a country of spectacular beauty and it has been recognized as a top trekking destination in the world. However, the travelers coming in Nepal should keep in mind the possible dangers that may occur during the trekking in the Himalayas such as landslides, altitude sickness, and occasional thefts or extortion and so forth. Some contingencies are properly… ...View Detail
Medical Checklist Even if you are not health conscious, you better consult with your doctor and pharmacists for brands and necessary medicines. Because, the medical facility or treatment you find in your country may not be possible to find here, so as the medicine. The brand you may take in a… ...View Detail
If you are planning to come to Nepal, obviously the weather is one of the important factor to consider. Nepal has four main seasons--autumn (September to November), spring (March to May), summer (June to August), and the winter (December to February). Each season has something special to see and discover in Nepal.… ...View Detail
In order to get in to Nepal, the visas can be obtained on demand at entry points. There are mainly two ways to get in to Nepal. By Air Nepal has International Air connections mainly the following designated countries and places: Nepal Airlines, the national flag carrier of Nepal… ...View Detail
Nepal has been one of the ultimate destinations for having adventure sports and equally it is endowed with an unparalleled combination of natural, cultural, and historical attractions. Most of the popular tourist destinations in Nepal have been the mountaineering, canyoning, rafting, bungy jumping, paragliding, and hosts of other sort of adventure sports. These… ...View Detail
The monetary unit of Nepali currency is Nepali Rupee its short form is NRS. Its value of rupee come in 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500, and 1000 in paper notes, the 1 and 2 and 25 are rare. There are coins of 1, 2 and rare with 5-rupee quantities. There is foreign currency exchange counters at… ...View Detail
The climate and weather varies according to its season in Nepal. The winter season which falls from end November to March, in which the weather is stable and he sky mostly is clear. It is the coldest weather. During this season, the haze often sits in valleys and reaches up to the Himalaya which make unclear sky, possible to have… ...View Detail
Public Transportation There are ample of public transportation such as buses, minibuses, micro-buses and so forth available all around primarily at old or new bus park, which depart to different destinations in the valley. Three wheelers known as Tempoo aka clean tempos run by battery or electric power are also available in and around the Kathmandu valley for commuting.… ...View Detail
Nepali food The food in Nepal differs from one culture to another. Nepal, especially Kathmandu is world?s one of the best places for dine and wine, from traditional Nepali dishes to continental cuisines.? Here are some of the typical food items from different cultures in Nepal. Nepali cuisine called Daal Bhaat… ...View Detail
In recent days, the travel and tourism industry in Nepal has been flourishing and growing primarily because of its incomparable tourist attraction. Endowed with an unparalleled combination of natural, cultural, and historical attractions, Nepal has been one of the most popular tourist destinations for mountaineering, adventure or simply for trekking and cultural tours, jungle safari, wilderness trek and various others… ...View Detail
Nestled between two-giant nations--India and China, Nepal is a tiny country in terms of its geography covering merely 147,181 sq. km. but extremely rich in terms of biodiversity, unique in its geographical positions and altitudinal variation. The elevation ranges from 700 meters above sea level in the southern plains of Tarai to the… ...View Detail
Tallest mountain in the world. Number of people to attempt to climb Mt. Everest: approximately 4,000. Number of people to successfully climb Mt. Everest: 660. Number of people who have died trying to climb Mt. Everest: 142. Height: 29,028 feet,( 8,848m,)or 5 and a half miles above sea level. This is equivalent to the size of almost 20 Empire… ...View Detail
1ST ALTITUDE ACCLIMATIZATION RULE: INCREASE ALTITUDE GRADUALLY AND STICK TO A SET CLIMBING REGIME The most important precondition and best way of avoiding altitude sickness whilst trekking in Nepal is to increase altitude gradually and systematically. In Nepal a safe altitude to which you can climb rapidly and straight away is: 2,700 – 3000 metres. The most popular mountain airports… ...View Detail
The Department of Immigration located at Kalikasthan, Dillibazar issues permit for tourists who intend to trek on any part of the country. Trekking permits are as follows. Trekking Permit A trekking permit is a must to visit restricted areas mentioned below. To visit normal trekking areas, no permission is required. Restricted areas… ...View Detail
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