Beginners Guide to Annapurna Base Camp Trek: What You Need to Know

Are you an adventurous soul seeking a thrilling trekking experience amidst the breathtaking Himalayan landscapes? Look no further than this article Annapurna Base Camp (ABC) Guide for Beginners will provide you with everything you need to know to trek to Annapurna Base Camp. 

This trek in the majestic Annapurna region offers an enchanting journey that combines awe-inspiring mountain vistas, lush forests, terraced farms, deep gorges, and rich cultural encounters. The goal of the trek is to reach Annapurna Base Camp at 4,130 meters (13,550 feet) height. 

Whether you are a novice trekker or an experienced hiker looking for a moderate challenge, this trek provides the perfect balance of natural beauty and trekking adventure. In this blog, we look into the essentials of this remarkable trek, guiding you through the preparation, highlights, and key considerations for an unforgettable Annapurna Base Camp trek for beginners.


Short Overview

The Annapurna Base Camp (ABC) trek takes you deep into the heart of the Annapurna region, offering mesmerizing views of towering peaks, picturesque landscapes, and a glimpse into the local culture. This trek is ideal for beginners seeking an adventurous yet accessible trekking experience.


The trek to Annapurna Base Camp typically begins from Pokhara and heads to Nayapul, ultimately reaching Ulleri. From Ulleri, you will gradually progress through charming villages, terraced fields, and rhododendron forests.

The trail passes the Machhapuchhre Base Camp (MBC) before Annapurna Base Camp, located at 4,130 meters (13,550 feet). Throughout the Annapurna Base Camp Trekking, trekkers can savor breathtaking views of Annapurna South, Hiunchuli, Machhapuchhre (Fishtail), and other snow-capped peaks.


Best Time to Trek

The best time to go to ABC for beginners is during the spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) seasons. These months offer stable weather conditions, clear skies, and moderate temperatures, allowing a comfortable and enjoyable trekking experience. The Annapurna Base Camp weather is also fantastic in the spring and autumn. 

During spring, blooming rhododendrons add vibrant colors to the surrounding landscapes making your trek even more enjoyable.

Autumn is a season of festivals in Nepal, and if you love festivities, we advise you to trek during autumn. Though Annapurna Base Camp trekking is still possible in the summer (monsoon) and winter, the best time to go to Annapurna Base Camp is during autumn and spring.



For the Annapurna Base Camp trek, you require two permits - the Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP) and the Trekkers' Information Management System (TIMS) card. 

The ACAP permit is necessary to enter the Annapurna Conservation Area, while the TIMS card ensures your safety and helps maintain trekking records. 

ACAP costs Nepali Rupees 3,000 (About US$ 25) for foreigners, Nepali Rupees 1,000 (About US$ 8) for SAARC nationals, and Nepali Rupees 100 (About US$ 1) for Nepalis.

Similarly, TIMS costs Nepali Rupees 2,000  (About US$ 17) for foreigners, and Nepali Rupees 600  (About US$ 5 ) for SAARC nationals.

You can buy these permits in Kathmandu or Pokhara, and you will need a few passport-sized photographs for the application process. Most trek companies include this cost in their Annapurna Base Camp trek cost. 


Essential Gear for Beginners

Since the ABC trek takes you to a substantial height in the midst of the Himalayas, you should take appropriate clothing, gear, and equipment. We also advise you to carry an Annapurna Base Camp trek map.

The Annapurna Base Camp elevation is 4,130m (13,550 ft). Here are the major items that we recommend you to bring. 

Clothing and Footwear

Body Hiking shirts
Long-sleeved shirt
Hooded rain jacket
Fleece jacket
Lightweight cotton pants
T-Shirt (bring Lightweight wool)
Polypropylene underwear
Down jacket (available for rent in Kathmandu)
Waterproof jacket and pants
Head Sun hat or scarf
Winter hat or insulating hat or wide-brimmed hat
Headlight with extra batteries
Hands Lightweight gloves
Heavyweight winter gloves
Footwear Hiking Boots
Thick wool socks (take an extra pair of thick light socks)

Trekking Equipment

Gear Backpack or daypack (Size depends on whether you take a porter or not).
Thermal bottle
Water purification
Trekking pole
Sleeping bag (-15 bag is best in high altitude trekking)

Personal Items

Accessories Money
Cell phone

How to prepare for the Trek?

To ensure a successful and enjoyable Annapurna Base Camp trek, you must prepare yourself physically, mentally, and in terms of gear. Here are a few things you need to consider. 

1. Fitness

The Annapurna Base Camp trek involves long days of walking on rugged terrain at high altitudes. We recommend you start physically preparing yourself a few months before the trek to build endurance and stamina.

You can go hiking, jogging, cycling, and stair climbing to improve cardiovascular fitness and leg strength. Additionally, include strength training exercises to enhance overall body fitness. You can try pull-ups, push-ups, planks, and squats. 

2. Acclimatization

Acclimatization is crucial to avoid altitude sickness during the Annapurna Base Camp trek. You must allocate some days for acclimatization for your body to adjust to higher altitudes. Make sure to walk at your own pace. Slow and seedy ascent is essential to avoid altitude sickness. Moreover, you must stay hydrated, listen to your body, and be aware of any symptoms of altitude sickness, such as headache, dizziness, or nausea.

Packing Tips

Most Annapurna Base Camp treks last more than a week. Hence, you need to prepare your luggage carefully. We advise you to hire a porter to carry your luggage as the trek trails are difficult, and it will require almost superhuman strength to carry all your clothing, gear, and equipment. 

Hence, we advise you to acquire two waterproof duffle bags. One should have a capacity of over sixty liters and the other of around 25 liters. Please carry your valuables such as electronics, jewelry, and vital informational documents yourself and pack the remaining things in your larger bag the porters will carry. 

In addition to these essentials, it is advisable to pack light and carry only what is necessary. Be mindful of the weight restrictions set by the airlines before flying to Nepal.


Accommodation and Facilities

During the Annapurna Base Camp trek, you will be staying in tea houses and lodges.

Tea Houses and Lodges

Tea houses are common along the Annapurna Base Camp trek route. These are basic yet comfortable lodges that provide rooms with beds, blankets, and sometimes even hot showers. The facilities vary from tea house to tea house, with some offering shared bathrooms and others having attached bathrooms. We advise you to carry a sleeping bag for added comfort, especially during the colder months. 

Food and Water

Tea houses and lodges along the trekking route offer a variety of meals, including Nepali, Indian, and international cuisine. Common dishes available include dal bhat (rice and lentils), momo (dumplings), noodles, soups, and several vegetarian and non-vegetarian options. 

You can find various water resources along the way to Annapurna Base Camp. However, we advise you not to drink water from taps, wells, or rivers in trek regions as the water might not be hygienic. 

You can easily buy bottled water from en-route shops and tea houses. However, we advise you to bring a water bottle, buy boiled/filtered water, and put it in your water bottle. It will help to protect the trek region from plastic waste.  

We also recommend you carry a water purification method, such as water purification tablets to ensure that water is potable. 

Communication and Internet

Internet and mobile network coverage during the Annapurna Base Camp can be limited and unreliable, especially at higher altitudes. Some tea houses and lodges have Wi-Fi, which you can use, paying a small fee. However, connectivity may be slow and intermittent. 

It is best to inform your loved ones beforehand about the possibility of limited communication during the trek. You can carry a mobile phone with a local SIM card for emergencies, but signal reception may be weak or unavailable in certain areas.



If you're already fit, you have a head start! The Annapurna Base Camp trek is within your reach. You just need proper guidance to conquer it. Just be ready to trek through stunning landscapes, witness majestic mountains, and experience the thrill of reaching the Annapurna Base Camp.  

However, even if you're not in great shape, don't let that discourage you. Physical and mental preparation is the key. Start with regular exercise and activities that improve your endurance, such as hiking, jogging, or cycling. You should gradually increase the intensity and duration of workouts to build stamina. Remember, every step you take is a step closer to achieving your dream. 

We hope this Annapurna Base Camp Trek for Beginners article cleared your doubts about Annapurna Base Camp Trek. However, we believe that the Annapurna Base Camp cost will set you back at least USD 600, excluding international flight costs.

Discovery World Trekking has over a decade of experience conducting hassle-free and enjoyable Annapurna Base Camp treks. You can call/Viber/WhatsApp us at +9779840055491 or visit our homepage


Paul Gurung

Paul has an extensive experience in the tourism industry. Through his blogs, he shares his deep knowledge about the stunning trek regions in Nepal, inspiring trekkers worldwide to explore these regions and enrich their lives. In addition to geography, his writings delve into the human side of the trek regions, including culture, traditions, religions, and etiquette, offering a comprehensive and enriching perspective on the Himalayan trekking and expedition experience.