Beginners Guide to Everest Base Camp Trek: What You Need to Know

Embarking on the Everest Base Camp Trek as a beginner may seem daunting, so we have written this Everest Base Camp Trek for Beginners blog to help you out. We want you to know that the awe-inspiring adventure is within your reach, and with proper preparation, you can make it to the Everest Base Camp. 

As you read this article, we will provide you with all the essential information and tips you need for this unforgettable journey. From understanding the trek difficulty to knowing the best time to go, packing essentials, and acclimatization techniques, we will provide you with complete information. You must prepare yourself to step out of your comfort zone, challenge yourself, and create lifelong memories as you embark on the Everest Base Camp.

There are various paths you can take to reach the Everest Base Camp. So your actual Everest Base Camp Trek itinerary will depend on the route and places where you acclimatize. The most famous Everest Base Camp trek is the classic Everest Base Camp Trek which normally takes fourteen days to complete, and the classic Everest Base Camp trek distance from Lukla to Everest Base Camp and back to Lukla is around 130km/80miles. 

Understanding the Everest Base Camp Trek

The Everest Base Camp trek, also known as the trek to Everest Base Camp or the Mt Everest Base Camp trek, is a legendary adventure that takes you to Mount Everest Base Camp. This trek is renowned for its breathtaking beauty, challenging trails, and unique cultural experiences. 

A detailed Everest Base Camp Trek map can guide you through the stunning landscapes of the Everest region. As for the Everest base camp trek cost, it varies depending on factors such as the duration, accommodations, and services chosen. The Everest Base Camp trek promises an unforgettable journey full of natural wonders, cultural immersion, and personal achievement.

Almost all treks to Everest Base Camp start with a flight from Kathmandu to Lukla. Lukla is also called the gateway to Everest. From Lukla, you will head to Phakding and then to Namche Bazaar. Most trekkers acclimatize in Namche Bazaar before continuing to Tangboche and then to Dingboche. You will have gained substantial height as you reach Dingboche, so it is a good idea to acclimatize one more day at Dingboche before continuing to Lobuche and then to Gorakshep. 

Gorakshep is the nearest settlement to Everest Base Camp (EBC), where you will leave your luggage and then hike to Everest Base Camp. After enjoying the views from EBC, you will descend to Gorakshep for the night. The following morning, you will hike to Kala Patthar to enjoy the dawn break beyond some of the highest mountains. 


Best Time to Trek

The best time for the Mount Everest Base Camp Trek is during the spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) seasons. These periods offer stable weather conditions, clear skies, and pleasant temperatures, making these seasons ideal for trekking. Spring brings blooming flowers and lush greenery, while autumn offers stunning views of the mountains with crisp and clear visibility. 

Both seasons provide a fantastic opportunity to witness the stunning Everest region and experience the grandeur of Mount Everest. It's essential to plan your trek during these seasons to maximize your enjoyment and ensure a safe and memorable journey. Experienced trekkers can, however, trek in winter or summer as well. The trek is possible but a bit tough due to rainfall during summer and heavy snow in the winter.



You will need the Sagarmatha National Park Entry Permit and the Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality Permit to trek to the Everest Base Camp.

1. Sagarmatha National Park Entry Permit:

The Sagarmatha National Park is a protected area through which the Everest Base Camp Trek passes. You must obtain the Sagarmatha National Park Entry Permit to enter this park. You can get this permit at the Nepal Tourism Board's office in Kathmandu or at the Sagarmatha National Park Entrance Gate in Monjo.

You must carry your permits during the trek. Authorities may check for these permits at various checkpoints along the trail. These permits grant you access to the trekking route while contributing to the conservation and preservation efforts of this region. 


2. The Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality Permit

You will also need the Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality Permit for this trek. Authorities started this permit in October 2018, replacing the old TIMS (Trekkers Information Management System) card. The permit costs NPR 2000 (~USD 18) and can be purchased at the Lukla airport or in Monjo, the gateway to the Everest region.

The permit is valid for ten days, but you can extend it for an additional ten days for a fee of NPR 1000 (~USD 9). 

You must provide your passport number, photocopy, and visa to obtain this permit. In addition,  you have to fill out a short form and pay the fee.

Essential Gear for Beginners

Clothing and Footwear

    Body     Hiking shirts
    Long-sleeved shirt
    Hooded rain jacket
    Fleece jacket
    Lightweight cotton pants
    T-Shirt (bring Lightweight wool)
     Polypropylene underwear
     Down jacket (available for rent in Kathmandu)
     Waterproof jacket and pants
    Head     Sun hat or scarf
    Winter hat or insulating hat or wide-brimmed hat
    Headlight with extra batteries
    Hands     Lightweight gloves
    Heavyweight winter gloves
    Footwear     Hiking Boots
    Thick wool socks (take an extra pair of thick light socks)

Trekking Equipment


    Backpack or daypack (Size depends on whether you take a            porter or not).
    Thermal bottle
    Water purification
    Trekking pole
     Sleeping bag (-15 bag is best in high altitude trekking)

Personal Items

    Accessories     Money
    Cell phone


How to prepare for the Everest Base Camp Trek?

Preparing for the Everest Base Camp trek requires careful planning and physical preparation. Here are some essential aspects to consider:

Training and Fitness Regimen:

It's crucial to build your endurance and strength to tackle the physical demands of the trek. Focus on cardiovascular exercises such as hiking, running, cycling, or stair climbing to improve your stamina. Additionally, incorporate strength training exercises to strengthen your leg muscles and the body as a whole. Start your training regimen a few months before your trek to allow your body to adapt gradually.


Acclimatization is the key to preventing altitude sickness and ensuring a safe trekking experience. Plan your itinerary to include sufficient rest days for acclimatization at higher elevations. Ascend gradually, allowing your body to adjust to the increasing altitude. Hydrate well, maintain a steady pace, and listen to your body. If you experience any symptoms of altitude sickness, such as headaches or shortness of breath, descend to a lower altitude and seek medical assistance if needed.

Packing Tips:

Pack wisely to ensure you have all the necessary gear and essentials for the trek. We advise you to pack as lightly as you can. Most probably, you will hire a porter for the trek, so you will need two bags, one for the porter and the other for yourself. We suggest you will need a duffle bag with a capacity of over 60 liters for the porter and a duffle bag with a capacity of around 25 liters for yourself. We advise you to carry jewelry, electronics, and important documents. 


Mental Preparation:

The Everest Base Camp trek is physically and mentally challenging. Be prepared for long hours of walking, rugged terrains, and unpredictable weather conditions. So, you must stay motivated and maintain a positive mindset throughout the journey. Remember to embrace the experience, connect with fellow trekkers, and enjoy the stunning beauty of the Himalayas.

Additionally, it is advisable to consult with a travel or trekking agency for personalized advice and guidance regarding your specific fitness level and requirements. They can provide comprehensive information on training, acclimatization, and packing.

By following these preparation tips, you'll be better equipped to take on the Everest Base Camp trek and make the most of this incredible adventure.


Accommodation and Facilities

Tea Houses and Lodges:

During the Everest Base Camp trek, you'll come across a network of tea houses and lodges throughout the route. These establishments provide accommodation, meals, and basic facilities for trekkers. Tea houses are traditional Nepali guesthouses, while lodges are slightly larger and offer more amenities. They are a convenient and popular choice for trekkers, as they provide shelter, warmth, and a place to rest after a day of hard trekking.

Tea houses and lodges generally offer simple yet comfortable rooms with basic comforts. Some places may have shared bathroom facilities, while others may have attached bathrooms. The availability and quality of amenities may vary along the route, so we advise you to be ready to be content with basic facilities. 


Food and Water:

Tea houses and lodges along the Everest Base Camp Trek route also serve meals to trekkers. They typically offer a variety of dishes, including Nepali cuisine, local dishes, and international cuisines, such as pasta, pizza, and burgers. You can expect hearty meals that provide the necessary energy for the trek. Popular choices include dal bhat (rice with lentil soup and curry), momos (steamed dumplings), and Sherpa stew.

It is essential to stay hydrated during the trek. You can purchase bottled water at tea houses and lodges along the route, but please note that plastic bottles contribute to environmental pollution. Moreover, you can also bring water purification tablets or a water filtration system to treat water from local sources. You must drink safe, treated water to avoid waterborne illnesses.


Communication and Internet:

While trekking in the Everest Base Camp region, communication options can be limited. Most tea houses and lodges may have basic cellular network coverage, allowing you a convenient way to communicate. However, the network signal can be weak or intermittent in certain areas. It's advisable to check with your service provider regarding international roaming and connectivity options before starting your trek.

Some tea houses and lodges may offer Wi-Fi connectivity for a fee. However, please note that the internet speed and reliability can vary greatly, especially at higher altitudes. Be prepared for limited or no internet access during certain sections of the trails.

Overall, tea houses and lodges provide essential facilities, meals, and a place to rest during the Everest Base Camp trek. We advise you to carry some cash as not all tea houses and lodges accept credit cards. Be open to the rustic charm and simplicity of the accommodations and enjoy the unique trek experience in the stunning Himalayan region.


How hard is the Everest Base Camp Trek?

The Everest Base Camp trek difficulty is challenging. Even though reaching Everest Base Camp is not easy, with proper planning, acclimatization, building stamina, and the right attitude, normal average persons can complete this trek. However, you must be in a reasonable shape. 

If you are not in reasonable shape, you must start participating in stamina-building exercises a few months before your departure date. The entire Everest base camp trek cost from Kathmandu will set you back anywhere between USD 1200 to 2,400 based on your spending habits and the trekking company you hire. Everest Base Camp Trek packages also differ in cost based on the trek route.

Discovery World Trekking is a leading trekking/adventure company with over a decade of experience conducting treks in the Everest region. For hassle-free and best Everest Base Camp treks, call/Viber/WhatsApp us at +977-9840055491. 


Paul Gurung

Paul has an extensive experience in the tourism industry. Through his blogs, he shares his deep knowledge about the stunning trek regions in Nepal, inspiring trekkers worldwide to explore these regions and enrich their lives. In addition to geography, his writings delve into the human side of the trek regions, including culture, traditions, religions, and etiquette, offering a comprehensive and enriching perspective on the Himalayan trekking and expedition experience.